From Littlejohn, Stephen The koch snowflake. Addison-Wesley, Noise-the measure of information not related to the message. Koch-Glitsch has developed a series of liquid distributors with attributes to maximize packed tower performance.
In other words, you could not receive any message that would make you predict any better than you already have.
We have said that information is the amount of uncertainty in the situation.
Provided an influential yet counter-intuitive definition of communication. A low percentage rating indicates a high variation of liquid flow over the cross sectional area of the tower. In electrical apparatus noise comes only from within the system, whereas in human activity it may occur quite apart from the act of transmission and reception.
Koch-Glitsch introduced a distributor rating system for quantifying distribution quality and performance. This uncertainty, which results from the entropy in the situation, will be eliminated by seeing the result of the flip.
Wadsworth,p For example, your friend is about to flip a coin. Will it land heads up or tails up? In human beings, the very act of repetition changes, in some minute way, the meaning or the message and the larger social significance of the event.
Redundancy-the degree to which information is not unique in the system. In other words, the value of a specific bit of information depends on the probability that it will occur.
Zero redundancy creates sheer unpredictability, for there is no way of knowing what items in a sequence will come next. In general, the informative value of an item in a message decreases in exact proportion to the likelihood of its occurrence.
For a number of excellent brief secondary sources, see the bibliography. By following the first strategy it could be necessary to ask up to sixty-three questions inefficient indeed! In addition, the distributor must provide a sufficient gas passage area to avoid a high pressure drop or liquid entrainment.
Information is a measure of uncertainty, or entropy, in a situation. Distillation services with high stage counts per bed Distillation services with low relative volatility High purity product distillation services Distillation services operating near the minimum reflux or close to a pinch point Absorption and stripping applications with close approach to equilibrium Heat transfer services with close approach temperatures INTALOX high performance distributors are used with the following high performance packings: Noise need not be considered a detriment unless it produces a significant interference with the reception of the message.
Drip points are preferable on a uniform triangular pattern, or alternatively on a square pattern Drip points are uninterrupted by gas chimneys or mechanical supports Drip points are properly spaced to the vessel wall Equal liquid flow from each drip point The significance of the Koch-Glitsch distribution quality rating system is the accurate prediction of tower performance.
Interference may result, for example, from background noise in the immediate surroundings, from noisy channels a crackling microphonefrom the organization and semantic aspects of the message syntactical and semantical noiseor from psychological interference with encoding and decoding.
The greater the uncertainty, the more the information. Suppose you wanted to know where a given checker was located on a checkerboard.Your browser doesn't support canvas tags.
Please upgrade to a recent version of Firefox or Opera. The Koch snowflake (also known as the Koch curve, Koch star, or Koch island) is a mathematical curve and one of the earliest fractal curves to have been described. It is based on the Koch curve, which appeared in a paper titled "On a continuous curve without tangents, constructible from elementary geometry" (original French title: Sur.
The Daily Koch network donors growing nervous about losing their majorities in the midterms. 스웨덴의 수학자인 코흐(Koch, N.
; ~)는 년에 발표한 논문에서 넓이는 유한하지만 그 영역을 둘러싸고 있는 둘레의 길이는 무한히 긴 도형을 소개하였다. 이 도형을 만드는 방법은 다음과 같다. What is Koch Fractal? Koch Fractal is a simple algorithm which produces snowflake from a triangle.
The concept behind this, is to break a line into two while leaving one third of the space between them where we fit two more lines forming an equilateral triangle without the base.
They work fine on A4 plain paper, but when printed on A3 card, they can result in some truly impressive structures.
As a festive twist, there is a third worksheet and net to build an entire fractal Christmas Tree, complete with a Koch Snowflake star on the top.Download