Throughout the United States, hospitals have reduced or eliminated many everyday services, programs, and departments in favor of CBRN preparedness, creating a vacuum in health care. When creating the DHS secretary position, the administration hoped the secretary would have the ability to make budget decisions and initiate other procedural moves without the approval of Congress.
However, it is far from clear whether the secretary will actually have this authority. Customs, and Immigration and Naturalization Service INS were brought "under one roof," although the new agency lacks a permanent residence at this time. It also has a more comprehensive national strategy.
The DHS cannot function effectively without sufficient funding, which is currently one of the main concerns. Such lack of coordination and cooperation could have played a role in the failure of the U. In theory, the establishment of one all-encompassing agency should result in improved information-sharing and accountability among the various players.
It is critical that the DHS develop and implement a system through which these concerns can be addressed. Wisconsin Senator David Obey recently pointed out that the Bush administration had initiated tax cuts but had failed to secure funding for domestic security and the DHS.
It will be organized in phases, with completion scheduled for September 30, However, it is unclear what circumstances would necessitate the use of this power.
To counteract this impression, various government officials have pointed out that although the DHS is a critical part of homeland defense, it alone cannot protect America.
Similarly, the effectiveness of some agencies may decline under the DHS. In addition, this department will tighten the visa system and improve security on the domestic transportation system through enhanced training. Moreover, this department will be charged with evaluating weaknesses in critical infrastructure, including food and water systems, agriculture, health systems, and emergency services, banking and finance, and other systems.
Uncertainty exists not only regarding the roles of the individual agencies, but also that of the local and state governments. However, an organization this large and this complex will take time, probably several years, to fulfill its mandate. On June 6,President Bush announced his plans to create the Department of Homeland Security DHSand in Julyhis administration released the national strategy for homeland security.
A major impasse ensued, which resulted in deadlines being missed, and the creation of the DHS delayed.
This department will also conduct exercises and drills to test federal, state, and local response plans for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear attacks. Although it could take at least years before the department is completely organized, some worry that the transition period from the OHS to the DHS will potentially lead to a duplication of efforts, misallocation of resources, and a sloppy accounting of expenditures due to improper monitoring of their allocation.
The Department of Homeland Security: Another point of adversity facing the DHS is the major time constraints placed on it.
Clearly, something must be done to rectify these problems. Thus, the DHS might be able to combine personal information, such as data from phone companies and Internet service providers, with information from the FBI, CIA, law enforcement, and private companies in order to search for terrorist activity.
This officer, in theory, will act to ensure that privacy protections remain intact, but at this time, little is known about how such a position will be filled.
Hope for the Future The DHS was designed to improve coordination and reduce redundancies among the agencies involved with protecting the U.
Finally, a compromise was reached: The administration felt it necessary for collective bargaining to be waived when national security was at stake, but the Democrats, in defense of their constituency, refused to come to agreement.
This plethora of agencies with identical responsibilities increased both the lack of communication and the possibility of redundancies, wasting time and money and decreasing the chances of detecting terrorist activities before an attack occurred.
Even though Congress passed funding legislation in Februarythis funding appears simply to be diverted from previous initiatives, implying that there is little "new" funding for these programs. For months Democrats and Republicans fought over giving the president flexibility to bypass civil service rules in hiring, firing, and promoting DHS workers.
The DHS was designed to reduce and eliminate these problems. For example, the DHS website contains links to agencies being absorbed; however, some of these agencies do not have a mission statement related to their roles in the DHS, nor an acknowledgment of their subordination to the DHS.
However, the creation of this department entails the largest reorganization of the federal government since World War II and will likely take several years to implement fully.
As of this writing, several problems have surfaced. This department will create one emergency response plan to be used at all levels of government and will ensure that first-responders, from the federal government level down to local levels, receive proper training and equipment.
In addition to monitoring commerce, the Customs Service will also combat terrorism, to the dismay of businesses, which fear that commerce will be hurt because additional duties for it translate into more expensive transportation costs due to longer wait times for inspections.
Many DHS employees have yet to receive their first paychecks; at least one sexual harassment lawsuit was not investigated; employees have been working lengthy shifts beyond their normal duty; employees are not able to voice their concerns due to the lack of a labor union for the DHS; and morale is plummeting.
To facilitate the smooth transition of 22 agencies into the DHS, the department must have a well-defined, unfettered authority over all personnel, functions, and responsibilities. Charged with controlling all ports of entry, this department will track all commerce into the country through initiatives such as the Container Security Initiative CSIwhich inspects sea containers before they leave their country of origin.The Department of Homeland Security was established to protect and secure the homeland from both domestic and foreign threats.
According to the Homeland Security Act ofthe development of a plan which will ensure the security of critical infrastructure is the responsibility of the DHS (Homeland Security, ).
On June 6,President Bush announced his plans to create the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and in Julyhis administration released the national strategy for homeland security.
Unlike OHS, the DHS is a permanent agency and has budgetary authority over its mission. It also has a more comprehensive national strategy. Home The NCO Leadership Center of Excellence Homeland Security: six critical mission areas. The Department of Homeland Security Essay Words | 4 Pages.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) became operational on January 24, 60 days after the Senate passed the Homeland Security Act of into law. Critical Mission of Homeland Security The critical missions of Department of Homeland Security are to prevent, protect, respond and recover.
Through utilization of all available technology and resources the primary mission is to prevent an aggressive act. - Protecting Critical Infrastructure According to the Department of Homeland Security, Critical Infrastructure are the assets, systems and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have debilitating effect on security, National economic security, national public health or safety, or ay .Download